|Presa Canario Standards
|PERRO DE PRESA CANARIO
Official U.K.C. Breed Standard
Copyright 2004, United Kennel Club, Inc.
Also official standard of the UPPCC
The Perro de Presa Canario was recognized by United Kennel Club on January 1, 2003.
The Presa Canario is a moderately large, powerfully constructed dog with a harsh-textured, flat coat. The head is massive and cuboid. Ears are set just
above the line of the eye and may be cropped, naturally pendent or rose. The body of the Presa Canario is slightly longer than its height at the withers,
with a broad, deep chest, but females may be slightly longer and possess somewhat less rib spring than the males. Skin is thick and elastic. The
distance from the withers to the elbow is roughly equal to the distance from the elbow to the ground. The tail is very thick at the base, and tapers to a
point. The tail is moderately high and reaches to the hock. The overall impression is that of an imposing, solid guard dog.
The essential characteristics of the Presa are those which enable it to drive and hold cattle, and to guard its home and family. These tasks require a
powerful, agile, courageous dog with a large head and powerful jaws. The Presa is extremely affectionate, docile and well behaved with its owner and
family, but is wary of strangers and aggressive with other dogs.
Serious Fault: Unstable temperament
The head is massive, cuboid in shape. When viewed from the side, the skull and muzzle are roughly parallel to one another, and are joined by a well-
defined, but not abrupt, stop. When the dog is alert, the skin forms several symmetrical wrinkles in the median furrow.
Fault: Excessive wrinkling.
Serious faults: Skull and muzzle not in correct proportion, abrupt stop.
SKULL – The skull is cube-shaped, broad and slightly domed, but without occipital protuberance. The width of the skull is about 3/5 of the length
from occiput to nose. Zygomatic arch is very pronounced and there is a deep median furrow that diminishes in depth from the stop to the occiput.
Cheek muscles are well developed without being pronounced.
MUZZLE – The muzzle forms a smaller cube that tapers just slightly from stop to nose. The length of the muzzle is roughly 2/5 of the length of the
head, while the width is about 2/3 as wide as the skull. The bridge of the muzzle is flat and straight. Lips are moderately thick and pendulous with
black pigment. The top lip should fall naturally over the lower without excessive flews. Viewed from the front, the lips form an inverted “V” where they
TEETH – The Perro de Presa Canario has a complete set of evenly spaced teeth, set in a wide jaw. A scissors or reverse scissors bite is preferred. A
level or slightly undershot bite is acceptable.
Fault: Missing any tooth other than the first premolar.
Serious fault: Excessively undershot bite.
Disqualification: Overshot bite.
The nose is wide and black. In profile, the nose fits cleanly into the square formed by the nasal bone and the front plane of the muzzle. The nose
does not protrude beyond the front plane of the muzzle, which would give a snipy look to the head.
Ears are of medium size, set just above the line of the eye and wide apart, and covered with short, fine hair. Ears may be natural or cropped. The
natural ears may be pendent or rose. Pendent ears drop effortlessly to the sides of the head, and rose ears are close fitting. Cropped ears are
Fault: High set ears.
The neck is cylindrical, thick, well muscled, and slightly shorter than the length of the head. Loose folds of skin at the throat form a slight dewlap.
Serious faults: Excessive dewlap, long or weak neck.
Shoulders are muscular and well laid back. The upper arm is of good length and well-angled so that the front legs are set well behind the point of
the shoulder. The elbows set slightly out from the body. Front legs are straight, well muscled, and heavy boned. Pasterns are strong, short, and
A properly proportioned Presa is about 20% longer (measured from prosternum to point of buttocks) than tall (measured from the withers to the
ground), and length of the front leg (measured from point of elbow to the ground) should approximately equal one-half of the dog’s height.
Females may be slightly longer in body. The withers are slightly elevated. The back and loin are strong but without prominent musculature. The
back line ascends slightly toward the croup which is just slightly higher than the withers. The croup is of medium length, wide and slightly sloping.
Females normally have slightly wider croups. The loin is moderately short, muscular and deep, with moderate tuck-up. The ribs are well arched.
The brisket extends to the elbow. The chest is broad and deep with well developed pectoral muscles. Ideally, the circumference of the deepest
part of the chest should equal almost 1½ times the dog’s height at the withers.
Serious faults: Shallow chest, croup and withers equal height, body too short, swayback, roach back.
Disqualification: Croup lower than withers.
Hindquarters are powerful and well muscled. In profile, the croup is sloping. The angulation of the hindquarters is moderate. When the dog is
standing, the rear pasterns are short, perpendicular to the ground and, viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.
Serious faults: Overangulation, sickle hocks, cow hocks.
Feet are round, compact, cat-like. Rear feet are slightly longer than the front. Pads are well developed, tight, black, not splayed. Nails are solid
color, white or black depending on coat color of toes.
Fault: Splayed feet.
The tail is a natural extension of the topline, set moderately high. It is thick and muscular at the base, tapers to a point. A tail of the correct length
extends to the hock but never below. Tail carriage ranges from a pump handle tail when the dog is relaxed to a saber tail when the dog is alert.
Serious faults: Fine tail, curly or blunt tail, low tail set.
Disqualification: Docked tail.
The Presa has a short, flat single coat that is harsh in texture. It is very short and fine on the ears and slightly longer on the withers and the back
of the rear hindquarters.
Serious faults: Satiny, fine coat.
Any shade of fawn, black, and brindle in any combination of these colors. The face must have a black or dark brown mask that does not extend
over the eyes, with or without a white blaze or patch on the head. Minimal white markings may appear anywhere between the chest and the throat,
or on the toes,
Serious fault: Mask that extends over the eyes.
Disqualifications: Absence of dark mask, white markings covering more than 20% of the dog, coat color or pattern other than
Eyes are slightly oval, set level and wide apart, and range in color from medium to dark brown, in accordance with coat color. Eyelids are
close-fitting and black.
Serious faults: Light eyes, droopy eyelids, eyes set close together or obliquely.
Disqualifications: Blue, gray, or yellow eyes, non-matching eyes.